Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Stress inside the Teens or Adolescence
Desk 2 suggests new frequency of contact with shock while in the childhood/puberty from inside the sufferers which have and you will without borderline character disorder. Subjects that have borderline identification diseases had significantly large cost away from real punishment inside teens/adolescence than simply sufferers instead borderline personality disorder, with gender controlled (52.8% instead of 34.3%; ? dos =5.43, df=step one, p=0.02), although teams don’t differ inside their costs regarding intimate abuse (30.2% rather than 19.4%; ? dos =1.46, df=step one, p=0.23) or from other types of trauma inside the youthfulness/adolescence.
Sufferers which have paranoid identification disease and additionally got a significantly high rate out of physical discipline inside youthfulness/adolescence than just sufferers without paranoid character disorder, with intercourse regulated (54.0% rather than thirty five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=1, p=0.02). 4% rather than twenty-two.2%; ? dos =0.23, df=step one, p=0.63) or regarding other sorts of stress inside the youth/adolescence. The latest connectivity off childhood/adolescent actual discipline that have borderline personality ailment and with paranoid character ailment was and tested by using each one of the other identity illness diagnoses given that more covariates, and results was basically mathematically equivalent.
Victims with antisocial character illness had been likely to be compared to those instead antisocial identity problems to possess started bereaved during the youth (53.8% versus 21.0%; ? dos =seven.67, df=step one, p=0.006). Not one of your other types of identification problems was significantly and you can undoubtedly on the sexual punishment, real discipline, otherwise all other types of trauma into the youth/puberty.
Stress in the Adulthood
New cost regarding contact with upheaval in adulthood in the victims having and you will rather than borderline character sickness are also found for the Dining table dos. Borderline identity diseases was not somewhat with the real physical violence, intimate physical violence, and other types of stress when you look at the adulthood, as we age and you will sex controlled. Subjects that have paranoid character illness have been a lot more almost certainly than others without paranoid character problems to own knowledgeable bodily physical violence from inside the adulthood, as we age and you may intercourse controlled (33.0% versus 17.9%; ? 2 =4.84, df=step one, p=0.03). People who have paranoid identity illness together with had higher costs away from accidents/burns (63.5% in the place of 47.0%; ? dos =cuatro.86, df=step 1, p=0.03) and you may handle (nine.5% as opposed to step 1.7%; ? dos =six.forty eight, df=step 1, p=0.01) than others without any ailment, but these differences just weren’t mathematically tall after the results of several comparisons was regulated. None of your other kinds of personality ailment is actually somewhat associated that have whatever shock within the adulthood.
Prevalence off PTSD
The newest existence incidence regarding PTSD inside gang of sufferers try 17.8% (N=32). Brand new costs away from PTSD in females (19.0%, N=12) and you may guys https://datingranking.net/fr/evaluez-ma-date/ (17.1%, N=20) just weren’t somewhat various other (? dos =0.eleven, df=step 1, p=0.74). PTSD are common into the sufferers that have paranoid (29%) and you can borderline (25%) identity disease, and the very least well-known when you look at the sufferers having narcissistic (10%) and you may passive-aggressive (12%) identification disorder. To your remaining version of personality illness, brand new prevalence out-of PTSD varied off fourteen% so you’re able to 18%. Victims which have and rather than PTSD don’t differ within total number of personality ailment diagnoses (mean=dos.5, SD=step one.dos, in the place of suggest=dos.4, SD=1.6; t=–0.thirty six, df=178, p=0.72).