To possess a review of pure logarithms, reference Important Experiences six during the Point step 11

To possess a review of pure logarithms, reference Important Experiences six during the Point step 11

Mention brand new Pattern

Erratic substances possess reduced boiling hot factors and apparently poor intermolecular relations; nonvolatile ingredients have large boiling hot facts and you can seemingly solid intermolecular relationships.

The new great upsurge in steam tension having broadening temperatures in Shape “The fresh new Steam Challenges of a lot Liquid due to the fact a purpose of Heat” lets us explore sheer logarithms to share with you the nonlinear relationship just like the good linear you to definitely. 9 “Important Event six”.

ln P = ? ? H vap Roentgen ( step one T ) + C Formula having a straight line : y = yards x + b

where ln P is the natural logarithm of the vapor pressure, ?Hvap is the enthalpy of vaporization, R is the universal gas constant [8.314 J/(mol·K)], T is the temperature in kelvins, and C is the y-intercept, which is a constant for any given line. A plot of ln P versus the inverse of the absolute temperature (1/T) is a straight line with a slope of ??Hvap/R. Equation 11.1, called the Clausius–Clapeyron equation A linear relationship that expresses the nonlinear relationship between the vapor pressure of a liquid and temperature: ln P = ? ? H vap / R T + C , where P is pressure, ? H vap is the heat of vaporization, R is the universal gas constant, T is the absolute temperature, and C is a constant. The Clausius–Clapeyron equation can be used to calculate the heat of vaporization of a liquid from its measured vapor pressure at two or more temperatures. , can be used to calculate the ?Hvap of a liquid from its measured vapor pressure at two or more temperatures habbo arama. The simplest way to determine ?Hvap is to measure the vapor pressure of a liquid at two temperatures and insert the values of P and T for these points into Equation 11.2, which is derived from the Clausius–Clapeyron equation:

ln ( P dos P step one ) = ? ? H v a good p Roentgen ( 1 T dos ? step one T 1 )

Conversely, if we know ?Hvap and the vapor pressure P1 at any temperature T1, we can use Equation 11.2 to calculate the vapor pressure P2 at any other temperature T2, as shown in Analogy 6.

Example 6

From these data, calculate the enthalpy of vaporization (?Hvap) of mercury and predict the vapor pressure of the liquid at 160°C. (Safety note: mercury is highly toxic; when it is spilled, its vapor pressure generates hazardous levels of mercury vapor.)

A Use Equation 11.2 to obtain ?Hvap directly from two pairs of values in the table, making sure to convert all values to the appropriate units.

A The table gives the measured vapor pressures of liquid Hg for four temperatures. Although one way to proceed would be to plot the data using Equation 11.1 and find the value of ?Hvap from the slope of the line, an alternative approach is to use Equation 11.2 to obtain ?Hvap directly from two pairs of values listed in the table, assuming no errors in our measurement. We therefore select two sets of values from the table and convert the temperatures from degrees Celsius to kelvins because the equation requires absolute temperatures. Substituting the values measured at 80.0°C (T1) and 120.0°C (T2) into Equation 11.2 gives

ln ( 0.7457 torr 0.0888 torr ) = ? ? H vap 8.314 J/(mol · K) [ 1 ( 120 + 273 ) K ? 1 ( 80.0 + 273 ) K ] ln ( 8.398 ) = ? ? H vap 8.314 J · mol ? step 1 · K ? 1 ( ? dos.88 ? ten ? cuatro K ? step 1 ) 2.13 = ? ? H vap ( ? 0.346 ? ten ? cuatro ) J ? 1 · mol ? H vap = 61,eight hundred J/mol = 61 .4 kJ/mol

Warning: file_get_contents(domain/sexxx.top.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/wwwroot/link123456.online/getlink/index.php on line 27

Warning: file_get_contents(domain/mp3play.online.txt): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /www/wwwroot/link123456.online/getlink/index.php on line 27

play youtube,
play youtube,
porn,
hentai,
porn,
xnxx,
sex việt,
mp3 download,
MÚSICA MP3,
Easter Cake Lemon,
19 aninhos eima bunda,
Sinbad Genie,
Let Be Cops,
Drifit Shorts,
Men Amiri,
Armstrongism,
Primelending,
Usa Rail Pass,
Drifit Shorts,
Comfortzone,
Waitrose Harrow Weald,
free brazzer,
F 35 Lightning Ii Top Speed,
How To Connect To Sonos Speaker,
Biggest Musicians,
Avec Les Filles Coat,
Detroit Tigers 1984,
Hl Couk,
Rb Salzburg Vs Chelsea F C Stats,
Empanaditas De Fresa,
Whats The Home Button On Iphone,
Florida Atlantic Basketball Schedule,
Best Hookup Apps,
Who Is Snowden,
Lee Hodges Golf Wikipedia,
21 Savage Songs,
How Long Does It Take To Get A Cat Neutered,
Armstrongism,
Facebook Controversy,
Pure Massage Riverview,
Tesco Car Insurance Reviews Trustpilot,
New York Times Wordle Hint,
Pornos It,
New Orlean Pelicans,
Lol Fashion Show Mega Runway,
Noticias Psg,
Is Subway Closing Down,
Is It Better To Pay Credit Card Before Statement,
How To Watch Someone Ig Story Without Them Knowing,
Pinto S Porch,
Define Testimony,
World Cup Netherlands Vs Argentina,
Lo Key,
Jay Jay The Jet Plane Characters,
Flames C Maple Leafs,

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.